Dentist ColumbiaDentist Columbia: Your Teeth 101

While the mouth is a small part of our overall structure, it’s filled with many parts and players, all of which work together to help you eat, drink, speak and smile. And according to dentist Columbia Dr. Gregory Wych, they’re also the toughest substances in the human body.

But how much do you really know about the teeth that make up your sparkling smile? Welcome to “Your Teeth 101” compliments of your dentist Columbia.

Dentist Columbia

  • Incisors: Sharp, chisel-shaped front teeth (four upper, four lower) used for cutting food.
  • Canines: These teeth are shaped like points and are used for tearing and grasping food.
  • Premolars: These teeth have two pointed cusps on their biting surface and are for crushing and tearing food.
  • Molars: Used for grinding and chewing food, these teeth have several points on the biting surface to help in this process.

Dentist Columbia

  • Crown: The top part of the tooth, and the only part you can normally see.
  • Gumline: Where the tooth and the gums meet.
  • Root: The part of the tooth that is embedded in bone, making up about two-thirds of the tooth.
  • Enamel: The outermost layer of the tooth and is the hardest tissue in the body.
  • Dentin: The layer of the tooth under the enamel.
  • Pulp: The soft center of the tooth that contains blood vessels and nerves.
  • Root: The anchor of a tooth that extends into the jawbone.
  • Cementum: A layer of tough, yellowish, bone-like tissue that covers the root of a tooth and helps hold the tooth in the socket. 

Dentist Columbia

Dentist Columbia

  • Tooth filling: Drilling out the diseased part of a tooth and packing the space with a mineral filling.
  • Root canal: The deep pulp of a tooth is drilled out, cleaned, and filled.
  • Tooth extraction: If a tooth is too damaged to repair with a filling or root canal, it may be removed.
  • Braces: An artificial device or system that places teeth under tension for a long period of time.
  • Mouth guard: A plastic mouthpiece can provide protection from teeth grinding and injury during sports.
  • Dental sealants: A plastic sealant applied to the teeth can help block bacteria from hiding in crevices on teeth surfaces.
  • Teeth whitening: Over-the-counter and professional chemical treatments can bleach teeth to a brighter white.


So there you have it – “Your Teeth 101.” Is it time for your next appointment? Why not call the office of dentist Columbia Dr. Gregory Wych today to schedule it now while it’s fresh on your mind?

Maintaining your dental health helps boost your immune system by reducing virus-spreading bacteria in your mouth. Teeth cleanings also help prevent gum disease, which can lower your ability to fight other infections & increase your risk for respiratory disease.

Call today for your immune-boosting cleaning!


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