If your child has a sore or an area of swelling in or around his/her mouth, it can be very concerning. According to dentist Columbia Dr. Gregory Wych, the medical name for this condition is stomatitis and it can appear in the cheeks, gums, inside of the lips or on the tongue.
There are two different types of stomatitis - herpes stomatitis and aphthous stomatitis, both occurring primarily in children and teens. Herpes stomatitis is categorized as an infection, and is typically found in children who are between the ages of six months and five years. It’s the equivalent to the virus that causes cold sores on the lips in adults.
Aphthous stomatitis is another name for canker sores, which are small pits or ulcers found in the cheeks, gums, inside of the lips or on the tongue. Your dentist Columbia finds that this disorder is also more common in young people, most often appearing in children between the ages of 10 and 19.
Herpes Stomatitis is caused by the existence of an infection of the HSV1 virus found in younger children. Aphthous stomatitis is the result of numerous challenges associated with oral hygiene or damage to mucous membranes.
Herpetic stomatitis is typically recognized by your dentist Columbia by the presence of numerous blisters that appear in the gums, palate, cheeks, tongue or border of the lips that can make eating, drinking, and swallowing difficult. Dehydration, drooling, pain and swollen gums can also result, making the child irritable.
Aphthous stomatitis sores are round or oval ulcers with a red, swollen border and a white or yellow center. Most canker sores heal within 1-2 weeks with no scarring. Larger sores can occur with more extensive injury and can take six or more weeks to heal, typically leaving scars in the mouth.
Herpes stomatitis will remain in the child’s system for the rest of their life, but stopping a child from kissing or sharing eating utensils with someone with an open cold sore can help stop the spread of infection.
For aphthous stomatitis, your dentist Columbia finds that vitamin B supplements and foods that contain vitamin B may provide relief. Proper oral hygiene is important, as is staying away from acidic or spicy foods that may trigger an outbreak.
If you are worried about a sore or swelling in your child’s mouth – don’t hesitate - call the office of dentist Columbia Dr. Gregory Wych today to schedule an appointment so we can get to the source of the problem!